Showing posts with label Soma. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Soma. Show all posts

Sunday 22 February 2015

The Wonder That Was Bharatvarsha

The Wonder That Was Bharatvarsha

Written by Dr. Seshadri Kumar, 22 February, 2015

Copyright © Dr. Seshadri Kumar.  All Rights Reserved.

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Disclaimer: All the opinions expressed in this article are the opinions of Dr. Seshadri Kumar alone and should not be construed to mean the opinions of any other person or organization, unless explicitly stated otherwise in the article.


No, this is not a review of the famous, wrongly-named book by A.L. Basham, in which he used the word India instead of the more correct Bharatvarsha. This is an attempt to educate modern Indians about the glory of their culture by revealing new insights that have resulted from the work of tireless researchers around the globe on the origins of civilization. And all roads of inquiry lead only to one conclusion – that the source of all civilizational greatness in the world is India.

For too long, India has been cast as the land of snake-charmers, tigers, and elephants. For centuries, westerners have mocked India for its backwardness. However, recent SCIENTIFIC discoveries have established that India was more advanced than any other country in the world in antiquity.

Join me as I reveal the story of hitherto unknown (or little known) scientists, who languish in their quiet academic environs because their momentous discoveries have not been given the credit they deserve. This article is a humble attempt to cast light on their collective greatness and the earth-shaking importance of the seminal work they have done.

I hope you enjoy this article as much as I did writing it. Anything that is good in the article should not be ascribed to me – for I am merely a messenger – it should be ascribed to the great scientists who have revealed so much for us to learn and whose work you are going to discover through this article.

So, without further ado, let me begin telling you about the recent momentous discoveries that have established, once and for all, why Bharatvarsha was the greatest civilization ever on the planet.

The IVC and the Aryan Invasion/Migration Controversy

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is one of the oldest civilizations of mankind. Although there have been older human settlements on the planet than the IVC, the IVC can fairly be said to be the cradle of all civilizations because of the range and depth of the ideas it brought forth (this will be made clear in the following). This is the civilization to which modern India owes its existence. So it is meaningful to look at what this civilization was all about and what it has bequeathed us.

The IVC was first discovered in Harappa, now in Pakistan, with later discoveries in Mohenjo-daro, also in Pakistan, Lothal in Gujarat in India, and various other places. While initially these discoveries were greeted with great excitement, as it gave Indians a view of what seemed to be their antiquity, this fond hope was soon dashed when archaeologists investigated the artifacts in depth.

The reason was that India is largely a country of Hindus, with significant minorities that made their homes in India due to migration and conquest; but essentially, India was the land of the Hindus. The Hindu epics (itihasas) such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana spoke of an ancient civilization that Hindus held to be around 5000 years old. The discovery of the IVC gave Hindus a lot of hope that this was the proof of the ancient civilization they were looking for. Unfortunately, some key archaeological facts went against them – or seemed to at the time.

The Absence of the Horse

One key point of variance  was that the Hindu scriptures, right from the time of the Rig Veda, the most ancient scripture, spoke of “Ashvas” – that were translated as “horses” everywhere in the epics. The IVC carvings and drawings showed no evidence of any horses, though there seemed to be some strange one-horned animals drawn in the reliefs and tablets, in addition to identifiable buffaloes. See figure below for an example.

This seemed to dash the hopes of the Hindus, who were hoping for confirmation that the IVC was part of the ancient civilization mentioned in their epics. Because of the absence of the horse in the evidence from the ruins, an alternative theory sprung up – that the Vedic traditions did not belong to the Harappans, but were brought to India by the Aryans, who invaded India at the end of the Harappan period. The fact that the horse seemed like a well-known animal in Persia helped this explanation.

Recent research, by Hefner et al. (2007) has revealed a rather different picture. According to these researchers, who have published a book on this topic, the image seen in the IVC seals is not a horse at all, but a unicorn. Many mythologies talk about unicorns, but we have never seen any evidence of unicorns – that is, until Harappa. After digging a lot in the IVC and the BMAC (Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex) as well as in Afghanistan and Iran, Hefner et al. found out that during the Harappan period, unicorns were indeed quite common, and they rapidly mutated to the horse that we know today. Hefner et al. (2007) found huge unicorn graveyards in the BMAC, which are thought to be massive “Ashwamedha Yagna” (mistranslated today as horse sacrifice, but in reality unicorn sacrifice) complexes. They have found several well-preserved horns of the unicorns that prove this theory without a doubt.

The cause of the confusion, therefore, has been twofold: believing that "ashva" in the Vedas referred to horses, and believing that unicorns did not exist. With the discovery of unicorn fossils, Hefner et al. have resolved this question.

The Saraswati Civilization

Another point of contention was the mention of the river Saraswati as an important river in the Vedas, whereas there is no known river in that region today. There has been much controversy recently regarding the Saraswati river of the Vedas, which many consider mythical, and many, including Michel Danino, consider a real river connected to the Ghaggar-Hakra basin in Pakistan/India.

However, the clinching evidence for the Saraswati river basin surely must come from the recent work of Ali et al. (2014), who have found what appear to be unquestionably Vedic era bows and arrows. There has been strong speculation that the artifacts retrieved from the Ghaggar basin are, in fact, the bow, quiver, and arrows of the famous Pandava hero, Arjuna. The main artifact at the root of this momentous discovery is a bow about 12 feet long, which matches the description of Arjuna’s bow Gandiva, said to be 8 cubits (12 feet) long. The quiver is surprisingly well-preserved, being made of pure gold and carved exquisitely.

Ancient Hindu Warfare: Astras

One of the controversial aspects of Hindu epics is the frequent mention of “astras” – special weapons that are weaponized by chanting of specific mantras (religious chants) and possess tremendous destructive powers. One of these, the Brahmastra, is said to have so much power that it is said to have the power to completely destroy the whole world.

Naturally, the scientific world has dismissed these claims as religious gobbledygook. The general attitude towards these claims has been that these are highly exaggerated descriptions that can only be attributed to poetic license, and that there is no scientific basis to these claims.

New scientific evidence has revealed that these may no longer be fairy tales. There is reason to believe that the ancient Indians were in possession of highly advanced weapons technology not yet fully understood by modern man. But the beginnings of such understanding are on the horizon.

In recent papers, published after 30 years of research by two different groups of workers at opposite sides of the globe, scientists have learned that sound waves emitted at precise frequencies with extremely specific cadences have the ability to highly excite the molecules of air in the local vicinity of these chants, and thereby “hypercompress” air packets – to the point that they can cause minute fusion reactions that can then lead to a chain reaction – a phenomenon described as “lukewarm fusion” (as contrasted with “hot” and “cold” fusion). The resulting fusion reactions, if properly amplified by the right kinds of chants, according to Dagar et al. (2013) (a multifactorial study spanning 3 generations of researchers in one family and published after the death of the researchers) and Carreras et al. (2014) (again the result of a 40 year international collaboration and, again, published after the death of one of the principal investigators) can lead to weapons of different destructive potentials.

It is in this way that astras can be launched by the proper chanting of mantras that give them awesome destructive power. The secrets of these astras are locked away within a few highly-realized rishis, and it is necessary for Hindus to reclaim these before the secrets are lost to humanity.

Ancient Hindu Aviation Technology

Another recent topic of controversy, which garnered much attention when a session was devoted to it at the Indian Science Congress of 2015 in Bangalore, is the possibility of Vedic Hindus possessing advanced aviation technology. It was claimed during this conference that in Vedic India, aircraft existed that could fly forwards as well as backwards with equal facility, and easily move between planets and galaxies. Much of these speculations have rested on two main sources. The first is the ancient epic Ramayana, in which the hero Rama (as well as his enemy Ravana) were said to have used flying machines called “Vimanas.” The second is a text called the Vymanika Shastra that detailed many aspects of these vimanas. In particular, the VS talked about these planes being fueled by vast quantities of cow and elephant urine, among other ingredients. See figure below to see an illustration of one of these vimanas and its fuels.


One of the objections raised to the idea of the existence of this ancient technology is the lack of evidence. No one has, to date, discovered the existence of even one of these ancient aircraft in any of the archaeological ruins. It has been argued that if such aircraft existed, and in substantial numbers, there should be at least one indicator of their past presence – either some broken down aircraft, or some airports that housed them, or similar supporting evidence. The complete lack of such evidence – at least until recently – has been a weakness of the theory that ancient India possessed advanced aviation.

However, recent discoveries by a team of biologists and archaeologists have revealed (Herman and Allen, 2012) the existence of specific mosses in Iraq which fossilized years ago. Examination of these fossils, which were covered under mounds of ruins and which came to light because of incessant bombing runs that have completely destroyed the mounds and exposed the underlying fossils, first by American air force operations in the first and second Gulf Wars as well as by violence by insurgents, have revealed that they originate from a specific kind of moss that can only grow if fuelled by copious amounts of cow and elephant urine. This leads to the only possible conclusion – that this archaeological site in Iraq was a forward post for Vedic armies and airforce units, which were using this vast site as a supply depot with adequate fuel for their aircraft. With such large quantities of fuel, some leakage is inevitable, and this leakage had clearly led to the growth of these mosses.

Hindu Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)

Archaeology continues, and will always continue, to be our window into the past. One of the greatest mysteries of history has been the mystery of the giant stones of Costa Rica. These are large, perfectly spherical stones that are found in abundance on the island of Costa Rica. There are about 300 of these stone spheres on the island of Costa Rica, and no one knows where they came from. They are customarily referred to as the Diquis spheres, as a reference to the primitive pre-Columbian peoples known as the Diquis. However, it is highly unlikely that such a primitive civilization would be capable of sculpting such a large number of perfect spheres (see picture below), that too out of stone, especially when no one is able to explain how they might have been carved from the stone without any tools.


However, there is another explanation that fits the facts better, and which has recently been confirmed by new archaeological and linguistic evidence.

In the Mahabharata, it is said that after the establishment of their kingdom Indraprastha, the Pandavas conducted a magnificent Rajasuya Yagna to commemorate their supremacy over the entire earth. Before they could perform this sacrifice, however, the Pandavas needed to bring the entire earth under their sway. The four Pandavas, viz., Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva, are said to have conquered all the lands on the east, the north, the west, and the south of Indraprastha respectively. Of course, some lands, such as America, were well beyond the range of land-based forces. For this reason, the mighty Pandavas used weapons of various kinds, along with their aircraft (vimanas), to subjugate those lands that were separated from them by oceans. One such example was the Americas. In those days, the West Indies were attached to the continental United States, and the Pandavas utilized efficient demonstration of force (“shock and awe”) to reduce the Americas to subjugation.

This they did by dispatching intercontinental ballistic missiles – spheres that were discharged as projectiles from the western coast of India to reach the Americas. In an effort to minimize loss of life and obtain a quick surrender, Nakula opened fire with massive batteries of cannons on the western coast of India that rained showers of perfect, spherical boulders on the coasts of America and the modern Caribbean as a “softening” measure.  Because of this, the island of Costa Rica, which is on the eastern end of the North American continent, was bombarded by hundreds of stone spheres.

This might seem like a fanciful fairy tale but for the recent discovery by a team of Sanskrit scholars and explorers based at the University of Miami, who have published the results of their study in a recent paper. In this paper, Jagger et al. (2015) mention that they investigated 95 of these boulders carefully, with high-powered lenses, all over their surfaces, and discovered that many of them were engraved minutely in Sanskrit with inscriptions such as “With Love from Indraprastha,” “Nakula Sends You His Love,” “Bow Before the Pandavas,” and “Resistance is Futile.” Needless to say, when Nakula arrived a few days later in his vimana, the Americans were only too happy to avoid a repeat of the stone shower, and acquiesced immediately to whatever terms he proposed.

This theory is supported by the mythology of the natives of Costa Rica themselves, the Bribri. As has been mentioned,

“In the cosmogony of the Bribri, which is shared by the Cabecares and other American ancestral groups, the stone spheres are “Tara’s cannon balls”. Tara or Tlatchque, the god of thunder, used a giant blowpipe to shoot the balls at the Serkes, gods of winds and hurricanes, in order to drive them out of these lands.”

So the natives themselves recognize that these are cannon balls, and the god Tara/Tlatchque in their story doubtless refers to Nakula, and the god Serkes to the native ruler of America that he drove out with his aggressive military actions in order to make America subservient to Indraprastha. Given the fact that Nakula came down from the sky in his vimana, and rained stones from the sky on them, it is natural for the primitive Bribri to think of him as a “god of thunder.”

The Caste System as a Method for Better Organizaton of Society

One of the main criticism of Hindu society regards the Caste System, which many modern sociologists consider to be barbaric and cruel. However, many today defend the system as simply a means for organizing labor in Vedic societies. While many have claimed that this is simply a defensive posture adopted by today’s Hindus to defend the indefensible, recent discoveries of old publications dating to the early 20th century show that, before the contamination of western attitudes made them hostile to India, Europe was quite welcoming of Indian ideas on social reorganization.

Two studies bear telling evidence towards this conclusion. The first is a position paper by Todt et al. (1932) who talk in glowing terms of the Hindu order of life and its uplifting ideas in organizing society into more capable and less capable workers, and even talk about its incorporation in Europe as a general way of life (modified, of course, to suit Europe suitably). The second is a paper by Daniel Malan in 1930, in which the author praised the Hindu social organization and interpreted it as a model for life in all countries, specifically South Africa. It should be mentioned that Malan later implemented his modified system to great success in South Africa as Prime Minister in 1948.

Hindu Advances in Medicine – Test Tube Babies

One of the most stunning scientific claims in the Mahabharata is the mention of test tube babies. Significantly, the entire Kaurava brothers, numbering to 100, were said to be born out of a single embryo, which was split after it grew up and the pieces put in pots with ghee (clarified butter) in them, and which then went on to become full-born babies in due course. Similarly, the teacher Drona gets his name because he was born of sperm ejaculated by his father and preserved in a pot (a pot is known in Sanskrit as a Drona, thus giving him his name.)

While these claims have been ridiculed by western doctors and scientists as impossible, recent archaeological evidence appears to confirm these claims. This sensational discovery is the discovery, under 50 feet of overgrowth, of a vast scientific laboratory that appears to have been frozen in time due to a volcano 2500 years ago which since has turned completely dormant. This laboratory, not far from Pune, in the Deccan Traps, was found, similar to the ruins of Pompey, with people frozen in their actions due to their rapid engulfment by volcanic ash.

As Steptoe et al. (2015) describe, the laboratory unearthed shows large rows of clay pots with fetuses in them in what is clearly a process of in-vitro fertilization. Contrary to modern medical practice, however, embryos at various stages, all the way to full term babies, were recovered from within the pots in the ash deposits. The findings are nothing short of revolutionary and hold great promise for modern medical research if the secrets of the ancient Hindus can be deciphered.

Hindu Advances in Medicine – Plastic Surgery

The Indian Prime Minister, Shri. Narendra Modi, recently stated that ancient Hindus were very advanced in plastic surgery. Mr. Modi used the example of the Hindu God Ganesha to illustrate his belief that Indians must have been quite advanced in plastic surgery, as the mythological story of Ganesha involves the transplantation of an elephant’s head onto a human torso.

Religious myths of any civilization always have some anchors in that civilization’s daily experiences. There is reason, therefore, to speculate that the Ganesha story was inspired by technologies that they were already aware of. Recent science has confirmed that this, indeed, was the case with the Hindus.

A recent archaeological find near Ropar in Haryana has revealed the presence of a large number of copper plates that have been dated to 3300 BCE. As Dali et al. (2013) explain, these copper engravings appear to be an ancient “brochure” advertising the skills of the Royal College of Physicians at the court of Hastinapura. The engravings are fascinating, and show various examples of what can only be plastic surgery: dogs with sewn-on human heads and hands, pigs with dog-heads, goats with cow-heads, tigers with the heads of asses, and even rats with cockroach-heads. See figure below for an example of one of these copper plates.


Soma: The Enabler of Excellence in Hinduism

By now, it is abundantly clear to most people that ancient Hinduism was responsible for most worthwhile things in the world. A cursory search on the internet reveals that the entire world was Vedic once, and that Christianity and Islam are offshoots of Hinduism. We have also learned from the learned scholars who prowl the internet that the source of most science and technology are the Vedas; that Newton and Leibniz stole the ideas of calculus from Vedic rishis; that most technology that is only being discovered today had already been discovered by the Vedic rishis, be it airplanes, cars, medicine, surgery, nuclear weapons, etc., etc.

The question is: WHY? What made the Hindus of Vedic times such geniuses and so far ahead of their time? And why are they not at the top of the world today, if they were so advanced once upon a time? The answer, in one word, is: SOMA. The wonder elixir that the Vedas talk about – which is offered at every sacrifice to the Devas – was the source of the ancient Hindus’ extraordinary creativity.

Soma, as described in the Rig Veda, is a miracle plant. It is even said to confer immortality. It is said to be the reason the king of the Devas, Indra was able to defeat the Asura Vritra. In those days, the educated Hindus, viz., the Brahmanas, who used to perform sacrifices regularly, often drank soma in connection with religious rites. This gave them tremendous creativity and gave them the ability to conceive of airplanes, cars, calculus and other extraordinary feats of mind when other civilizations were still shivering in the cold because they had not yet discovered fire.

This idea might have been relegated to mere idle speculation, had it not been for the recent publication of a manuscript that is 48 years old this year. This book, written by Morrison et al. (1967) and published this year, purports to have rediscovered the lost Soma plant and talks about its extraordinary properties as evidenced by direct experimentation by the authors. The authors claim to have traveled to Central Asia in 1962 and found the lost plant, whereby they brought it back to the USA and started experimenting with its properties by ingesting its extract.

The results, for those who are aware of the history of blues and rock’n’roll, are nothing short of spectacular: Jim Morrison formed the legendary band “The Doors”; Eric Clapton, nicknamed “Slowhand,” is considered one of the greatest blues guitarists in the history of blues and rock’n’roll; and Jimi Hendrix is considered by many to be the most skilled electric guitarist ever.